Open Access
Article Number 07001
Number of page(s) 6
Section Applied Research and Applications: Applications
Published online 01 September 2009
ESOMAT 2009, 07001 (2009)
DOI: 10.1051/esomat/200907001

Application of nanostructural nickel titanium implants with shape memory effect to modern dental practice

V.S. Afonina1, N.I. Borisenko2, R.M. Gizatullin2, D.V. Gunderov3, V.S. Kalashnikov1, V.V. Koledov2, E.P. Krasnoperov3, V.G. Shavrov2, V.I. Suslov3 and N.A. Yusov3

1  Moscow State Technical University n. a. N.E. Bauman, 2-nd Baumanskaya, 5, 105005, Moscow, Russia.
2  Kotelnikov’ Institute of Radioingineering and Electronics of RAS, 125009, Mokhovaya 11-7, Moscow, Russia.
3  «Nano-Dent» Co Ltd, Moscow, Russia

Published online: 1 September 2009

The results of clinical treatment of severe periodontal diseases by application of the new functional implants based on nanostructural NiTi alloy with shape memory effect are presented. The nanostructure in NiTi alloy is attained by severe plastic deformation, particularly by equal channel angular pressing. Several new types of NiTi implants are developed, including dental implants (to replace the removed teeth) and trans radix implants (to enforce teeth and to attach teeth to the jaw bone). The surface of nanostructured NiTi implants is covered by the carbyne layer in order to ensure high bio-compatibility. The new treatment procedure is proposed which includes the injection into the jawbone tissue of the mixture based on powdered NiTi alloy. These injection implants will be incorporated into living bone tissue. The result will be the growth of the shell of the new healthy dense bone. The NiTi particles behave structurally similar to healthy bones, i.e. living tissue cells incorporate with them followed by small vessels and nerves. As a result the implants will not be rejected for a long time. The summary results of 3 years’ practice of the successful application of these new implantation system in dentistry are presented. The ease of implementation of the new NiTi dental shape memory implants and the ease at which they can be adopted to bone tissue, especially in cases where it’s in deficit are highlighted

© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences 2009