|Number of page(s)
|Principles, Simulations, Materials: Background
|01 September 2009
On the temperature and stress dependence of transformation strain in single crystalline Cu-Al-Ni shape memory alloysD.L. Beke, T.Y. El Rasasi and L. Daróczi
Department of Solid State Physics, University of Debrecen, Hungary H-4010, Debrecen,
Published online: 1 September 2009
In the austenite to martensite phase transformation of shape memory alloys the transformation strain, εtr, usually has definite dependence on the external fields while the change in entropy or volume can be considered constant. Under uniaxial loading this dependence of εtr is related to the change of the martensite variant distribution with increasing field parameters. The stress and temperature dependence of the elastic and dissipative energy contributions to the transformation can be correlated with the η dependence of εtr, where η is the volume fraction of the stress induced (single) variant martensite structure. Obviously, this dependence leads to deviation from the linear Clausius-Clapeyron relation too. In this paper we discuss and compare experimental results in single crystalline Cu17.9wt.%Al-2.6wt.%Ni and Cu-11.5wt%-Al5.0wt%Ni alloys obtained from stress-strain and strain-temperature hysteretic loops at different constant temperatures and stresses, respectively. Furthermore, it is shown that the field dependence of εtr is reflected in the field dependence of the dissipative and elastic energy terms too.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences 2009