MATEC Web of Conferences
Volume 33, 2015ESOMAT 2015 – 10th European Symposium on Martensitic Transformations
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||07 December 2015|
Design, fabrication and characterization of porous Ti-rich Ti-Ni alloy based composites with near-zero thermal expansion behavior
School of Materials Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, Guangdong, China
a Corresponding author: email@example.com
Porous Ti-rich Ti-Ni alloy based composites with near-zero thermal expansion (NZTE) behaviour tailored by micro-sized SiC particles were fabricated using powder metallurgy and a two-step designing strategy. At first, the Ni concentration was tuned to broaden the temperature range of negative thermal expansion (NTE) of porous Ti-Ni alloys; then micro-sized SiC particles of different amounts were introduced and co-sintered with mixed Ti and Ni powders having an optimized atomic ratio so as to obtain SiC/Ti-Ni composites with desirable thermal expansion performance. Results show that there is a clear correlation between the reverse martensitic transformation and NTE temperature range. The porous 12wt.%SiC/Ti-43.8at.%Ni composite exhibits very low coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) of -0.976×10−6 K−1 from 114.08 to 131.50 °C. It is proposed that the NTE behavior originates from the volume change accompanying the phase transition of the Ti-Ni matrix, and the NZTE performance of SiC/Ti-Ni composites is attributed to the combination of the NTE produced by the alloy matrix and the positive thermal expansion provided by the SiC phase.
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