Open Access
Article Number 07013
Number of page(s) 7
Section Applied Research and Applications: Applications
Published online 01 September 2009
ESOMAT 2009, 07013 (2009)
DOI: 10.1051/esomat/200907013

Magnetic-Field-Induced Reorientation in Single Crystalline Ni-Mn-Ga Foil Actuators

F. Khelfaoui1, Srinivasa Reddy Y.1, M. Kohl1, 2, A. Mecklenburg3 and R. Schneider3

1  University of Karlsruhe, IMT, Germany
2  Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, IMT, Germany
3  Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin, Germany

Published online: 1 September 2009

The coupled magnetic and mechanical properties of single crystalline Ni-Mn-Ga foil actuators are investigated for decreasing thicknesses in the range from 200 μm down to 60 μm. The foils exhibit a narrow martensitic phase transformation above room temperature below the Curie temperature of 369 K. Single crystalline Ni-Mn-Ga beam actuators are fabricated by laser micromachining. As-prepared specimens show enlarged twinning stress and thus no measurable magneto strain. Therefore, several training methods are adapted to the quasi-two-dimensional geometry of the foils. As compression training can no longer be applied in lateral direction of thin foils, more sophisticated magneto-thermo-mechanical treatments are required. We show that the low twinning stress of the bulk reference specimens can be recovered. Magnetization experiments and the direct observation of magneto strain on trained foil actuators show different degrees of reorientation up to 1% depending on the training method. The observed partial reorientation effect is discussed in terms of the foil geometry and training parameters.

© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences 2009