|Number of page(s)
|Applied Research and Applications: Testing and Modelling
|01 September 2009
Influence of thermo mechanical pre-treatment on efficiency and temperature stability of shape memory alloysS. Langbein and K. Lygin
Ruhr-University Bochum, Institute of Engineering Design, 44780 Bochum, Germany
Published online: 1 September 2009
The functional “programming” of one SMA-component is of substantial interest in the case of actuator applications regarding standardisation of components and integration of component parts. For the programming of components it is necessary to make a thermo mechanical pre-treatment. This treatment influences not only the effect characteristic and the transformation temperatures, but also characteristics such as the efficiency and temperature stability.
In order to study the influence of the thermo mechanical pre-treatment on the efficiency and temperature stability, wires of high-nickel pseudo elastic and low-nickel pseudo plastic alloys under change of various parameters were functionally characterised in the present study. In this context, tension tests and temperature-controlled heating tests were carried out. A test stand was developed especially for the heating tests. The heating tests were implemented to determine the one-way effect properties, such as the transformation temperatures, hysteresis, the irreversible strains etc. and also to determine the short-time and permanent temperature stabilities. In addition, the tests were carried out with different loads. Particularly the high-nickel alloys showed a very large potential. Among the well-known pseudo elastic applications by defined pre-treatment they can also be used as actuators.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences 2009