Open Access
Article Number 06004
Number of page(s) 10
Section Applied Research and Applications: Testing and Modelling
Published online 01 September 2009
ESOMAT 2009, 06004 (2009)
DOI: 10.1051/esomat/200906004

Microstructure and functional superelasticity property changes in thin NiTi wires heat treated by electric current

B. Malard1, J. Pilch1, P. Sittner1, V. Gartnerova1, R. Delville2, D. Schryvers2 and C. Curfs3

1  Institute of Physics, Na Slovance 2, 182 21 Praha, Czech Republic
2  EMAT, University of Antwerp, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020 Antwerp, Belgium
3  ESRF, 6 rue Jules Horowitz 38043 Grenoble, France

Published online: 1 September 2009

High energy synchrotron X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and mechanical testing were employed to investigate the evolution of microstructure, texture and functional superelastic properties of 0.1 mm thin as drawn Ni-Ti wires subjected to a nonconventional heat treatment by controlled electric current (FTMTEC method). As drawn Ni-Ti wires were prestrained in tension and exposed to a sequence of short DC power pulses in the millisecond range. The annealing time in the FTMT-EC processing can be very short but the temperature and force could be very high compared to the conventional heat treatment of SMAs. It is shown that the heavily strained, partially amorphous microstructure of the as drawn Ni-Ti wire transforms under the effect of the DC pulse and tensile stress into a wide range of annealed nanosized microstructures depending on the pulse time. The functional superelastic properties and microstructures of the FTMT-EC treated Ni-Ti wire are comparable to those observed in straight annealed wires.

© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences 2009