|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Principles, Simulations, Materials: Advanced Materials|
|Published online||01 September 2009|
Determining the liquidus and ordering temperatures of the ternary NiMn-Ga and quaternary Ni-Mn-Ga-Fe/Cu alloysI. Aaltio1, O. Söderberg1, M. Friman1, I. Glavatskyy2, Y. Ge1, N. Glavatska2 and S-P. Hannula1
1 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Helsinki University of Technology, P.O. Box 6200, FI-02015 TKK, Espoo, Finland.
2 Institute for Metal Physics, National Academy of Science of Ukraine, 36 Vernadsky blvd., UA-03680, Kiev, Ukraine.
Published online: 1 September 2009
The high temperature transformations (e.g. liquidus, ordering temperature) of the alloys Ni47.7Mn31.2Ga21.1, Ni49.7Mn28.7Ga21.6, and Ni49.6Mn24.0Ga26.6, Ni47.3Mn30.3Ga20.3Fe2.1, Ni49.9Mn28.3Ga20.1Fe1.7, Ni51.3Mn14.4Ga26.3Fe8.0, Ni47.3Mn25.5Ga24.5Cu2.7, Ni48.3Mn29.7Ga21.1Cu0.9, and Ni49.4Mn23.3Ga25.6Cu1.7 were studied for the practical melting and annealing purposes. At first the chemical compositions (SEM-EDS) and the martensitic and magnetic transition temperatures (DSC, ac magnetic susceptibility) of the alloys were determined. High temperature DSC measurements were made in argon with 10 K/min. Two first measurements were carried out in the solid state (301 - 1273 K) and in the third measurement the material was melted (max meas. temp. 1573 K). The ordering temperature was obtained from the measurements in the solid state. As the e/a ratio was above 7.53 the ordering temperature was in the range of 1019-1039 K, otherwise a clear change was observed. The variation in heating and cooling was less than 5 K with small quaternary additions, but alloying of 8% Fe increased this difference to 18 K. Alloys with close Ni/Mn/Ga-ratio showed only minor differences in solidus and liquidus temperatures, but if there was a clear change in the Ni/Mn-ratio even those alloys having close e/a ratios showed a clear difference in melting behavior. When Ni/Mn is 1.5-1.6 the liquidus was 1364±2 K, and with 1.7-1.8 it is 1384±5 K, while with higher values not clear region could be determined.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences 2009