The 3rd European Symposium on Martensitic Transformations
J. Phys. IV France – Vol. 05 - C2
Barcelona, Spain, 14-16 September 1994

This volume of Journal de Physique forms the Proceedings of the III European Symposium on Martensitic Transformations (ESOMAT’94) held in Barcelona from 14 to 16 September 1994. This Symposium was the third in a series that started in Bochum (Germany) in 1989 and continued in Aussois (France) in 1991. The goal of the current edition of the Symposium was to provide a forum where researchers from different areas could exchange their last results in the field of Martensitic Transformations, regarding both fundamental aspects and technological applications of the materials involved.

These Proceedings contain 9 invited and 75 regular papers presented at the Symposium. Only the invited contributions were presented orally; these consisted of two plenary lectures and seven keynote lectures. More than one hundred regular contributions were introduced orally in a short preview and presented as posters. Restricting the publication to only one paper per participant has reduced this number to about 80%. These papers have been reviewed by at least one anonymous referee; this review procedure has compelled many authors to revise their original manuscripts before final acceptance; at the end, a few papers have not met the required standards and have not been included in these Proceedings.

The contributions were presented in five sessions dealing with the following topics:

  1. Fundamentals and modelling.
  2. Heat treatments, ageing, ordering and stabilization.
  3. Morphology and microstructure.
  4. Pseudoelasticity and shape-memory.
  5. Thermomechanical behaviour, modelling and kinetics.

Together with a number of generic contributions, most of the presentations dealt with different families of materials showing Martensitic Transformations. Among them, the most common were Cu-based, Ni-based and Fe-based alloys including Invar materials.

Each session was followed by a discussion chaired by a discussion leader, who took care of giving a general overview of the works presented, and promoted discussion among the participants. We would like to emphasize the success of these sessions, that gave rise to interesting and animated discussions. The different points of view adopted by engineers, material scientist and physicists, when approaching fundamental problems of the Martensitic Transformation, showed up a number of sessions. In particular, there was a fruitful debate on which are the requirements for a structural transition to be martensitic and which phase transitions can therefore be classified in this category. We are confident that this debate was useful for the future development of the field.

The symposium was attended by 105 scientists, coming from 13 European countries and 6 countries from other parts of the world. We want to remark that the Symposium had not been possible without financial support of the different institutions and societies listed as Sponsors. In addition, the support provided by the International Science Foundation made possible to invite two participants from Eastern Europe.

We would like to thank the collaboration of all the delegates and particularly that of the chairmen, discussion leaders, invited speakers and members of the European Advisory Committee. Finally, we acknowledge our colleagues in the Group of Structural Transitions of the Department ECM, at the Universitat de Barcelona, for their very helpful and king assistance. Thanks to all of them, the Symposium was really a success.

Organizing Committee:

Antoni Planes, Jordi Ortín; Lluís Manosa


  • Ministerio de Educación y Ciencian (Spanish Government),
  • Direcció General de Recerca (Catalan Government),
  • Universitat de Barcelona,
  • Service Scientifique de l’Ambassade de France en Espagne,
  • Fundació Catalana par a la Recerca,
  • The British Council,
  • Instron Ltd.