Functional properties of nanocrystalline, submicrocrystalline and polygonized Ti-Ni alloys processed by cold rolling and postdeformation annealingV. Brailovskia1, S. Prokoshkin1, 2, K. Inaekyan1 and V. Demers1
1 Ecole de Technologie Superieure, Montreal, Canada
2 Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys, Russia
Published online: 1 September 2009
Thermomechanical processing consisting of cold rolling (e=0.3-2.0) and post-deformation annealing (300-450oC, 1h) was applied to binary Ti-Ni alloys to produce nanocrystalline structures (NS) or polygonized dislocation substructures (PDS), or their mixture. The evolution of the material structure and properties was studied using TEM, X-ray, microhardness, calorimetry and tensile testing techniques. Recovery stress and strain of the 50.26at%Ni alloy and superelastic strain of the Ti-50.6at%Ni alloy were measured under static and fatigue conditions. It was found that higher true yield stress of NS alloys not only increases the recovery stress potential, but, since it is combined with a relatively low transformation yield stress; it increases the completely recoverable strain. NS alloys generate recovery stresses that are twice as high as those of PDS alloys (1200 MPa), completely recoverable strains that are 10% greater (up to 6% in tension), and they demonstrate a higher cyclic stability of functional properties. This improvement comes with the cost of a lower NS alloy fatigue damage tolerance, aggravated by the presence of microcracks caused by cold working. Binary Ti-Ni alloys, processed by annealing of an intermediately cold-worked (e=0.75…1) alloy and containing mixed nanocrystalline structure and polygonized dislocation substructure, allow a high fatigue life combined with relatively high and cyclically stable functional properties.
Note to the reader:
On pages 01001-p4, 01001-p6 and 01001-p9 several mistakes have been corrected on October 19, 2009.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences 2009